Search this journal:     Advanced search
Original Research

Prey selection and feeding habits of the large carnivores in the Southern Kalahari

M. G. L Mills

Koedoe; Supplement (1984), 281-294. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v27i2.586

Submitted: 01 December 1984
Published:  01 December 1984

Abstract

Prey selection and feeding habits of lions Panthera leo, spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta, cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus and leopards Panthera pardus are investigated. Lions kill mainly adult gemsbok Oryx gazella and blue wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus, tending to select older animals of both species and males in the case of gemsbok. Spotted hyaenas also prey mainly on gemsbok and wildebeest, but select for juveniles, particularly from gemsbok. Cheetahs prey heavily on springbok Antidorcas marsupialis lambs and then on adult males and older individuals. Leopards also prey relatively heavily on springbok, but appear to have a wider diet than cheetahs do. It is concluded that predators generally have a small impact on their prey populations in the southern Kalahari, although in the case of springbok they do appear to influence the structure of the population.

Full Text:  |  PDF (5MB)

Author affiliations

M. G. L Mills, National Parks Board of Trustees, South Africa

Metrics

Total abstract views: 3577
Total article views: 3995  

Cited-By

1. Large carnivore menus: factors affecting hunting decisions by cheetahs in the Serengeti
Andrew B. Cooper, Nathalie Pettorelli, Sarah M. Durant
Animal Behaviour  vol: 73  issue: 4  first page: 651  year: 2007  
doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.06.013

2. History, current status and conservation of large mammalian predators in Cape Province, Republic of South Africa
C.T. Stuart, I.A.W. Macdonald, M.G.L. Mills
Biological Conservation  vol: 31  issue: 1  first page: 7  year: 1985  
doi: 10.1016/0006-3207(85)90031-X

Comments on this article

Before posting your comment, please read our policy.
Post a Comment (Login required)


ISSN: 0075-6458 (print) | ISSN: 2071-0771 (online)

Connect on: Facebook, Twitter, Google+, LinkedIn and YouTube

Subscribe to our newsletter

All articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, unless otherwise stated.

Website design & content: ©2016 AOSIS (Pty) Ltd. All rights reserved. No unauthorised duplication allowed.

AOSIS Publishing | Empowering Africa through access to knowledge
Postnet Suite #110, Private Bag X19, Durbanville, South Africa, 7551Tel: 086 1000 381 Tel: +27 21 975 2602 Fax: 086 5004 974

publishing(AT)aosis.co.za replace (AT) with @

Please read the privacy statement.